The conflicts will continue for decades in Syria and Iraq and the Middle East is moving towards dissolution, said the UN expert Wilfried Buchta like reported by basnews.com
Wilfried Buchta, an Islamogist and UN expert said in an interview with ZEIT ONLINE that the Middle East is moving towards dissolution; it is socially and politically decomposing which it is also affecting Europe due to waves of refugees.
“The conflicts in Syria and Iraq will continue, probably for the coming years and decades,” he said.
Regarding the Syrian turmoil as Assad currently controls most of the Syrian territories, Buchta believes that the war in Syria will not end; it will only turn into a new stage of civil war.
The UN researcher stated that Assad does not have a “constructive concept” for a functioning national state, that is, for a state whose citizens share a common national identity, noting that despite the fact that the Sunni Muslims make up 70 percent of the Syrian population, the Shi’ite Alawite minority under Assad’s leadership is controlling the power.
“We always had a false picture of the overall situation in the Middle East, the state of these countries, the character of these regimes, and the character of the Islamic societies. For a long time, the maxim was that one could stabilize these states through economic cooperation and, in return, demand political reforms. These illusions are now beginning to break. This will make us more humble and realistic.”
Buchta argued that military interventions only exacerbate the existing mayhem in the Middle East.
The offensive against the Islamic State (IS) in Mosul has stalled due to the hard resistance of the militants, he said.
Regarding the post-IS administration of Mosul, the US expert noted it is not clear who will have the political legislation and ordinance in the city. Therefore, the Shi’ite militia could once again commit violent acts against the Sunni population, which may lead to the re-emergence of IS “from the ashes like a phoenix again or elsewhere, and could again become the hope-bearer for the Sunnis,” he said.