L’agenzia di stampa iraniana Fars ha annunciato che l’Iran ha acquisito un sistema radar di nuova concezione, con funzioni di rilevamento avanzate. “Il radar è complementare al sistema radar inaugurato il 1 settembre e la sua manutenzione è molto semplice” ha dichiarato il comandante della base aerea di Khatam ol-Anbia, il generale di brigata Farzad Esmayeeli. Esmayeeli ha spiegato detto che il nuovo sistema Arash aumenta la potenza del radar in tutte le bande di frequenza VHF , UHF e HF e sarà il sistema di rete radar integrato più potente per la guerra elettronica . ” Il radar ha un’alta capacità di individuare e identificare gli obiettivi”, ha aggiunto, rifiutando di rivelare ulteriori dati o informazioni circa i dettagli del nuovo scudo di difesa aerea.
Iran’s state TV is saying Tehran has inaugurated a powerful new long-range radar system capable of detecting small drone aircraft.
Gen. Farzad Esmaili, head of Iran’s air defense headquarters, told the station that the system is named Arash, after a mythical Iranian hero. He said the radar will work on all UHF, VHF and HF frequencies and will improve Tehran’s ability to engage in electronic warfare.
Iran frequently announces breakthroughs in military technology that are impossible to independently verify.
The Islamic Republic launched an arms development program during its 1980-88 war with Iraq. Since 1992, it has produced its own tanks, armored personnel carriers, missiles, torpedoes, drones and fighter planes.
Il processo di ritiro delle milizie dalle aree urbane libiche sta avvenendo così lentamente, che si é quasi fermato, Sadat Elbadri, ha dichiarato il capo del Consiglio locale di Tripoli, Sadat Elbadri, denunciando lo stop del ritiro agli altri capi dei Consigli libici riunitisi a Tripoli. Il 15 novembre scorso almeno 45 persone sono morte e più di 500 ferite in seguito agli scontri avvenuti nel quartiere Ghargour di Tripoli, quando uomini armati hanno aperto il fuoco contro un gruppo di manifestanti che chiedevano maggiore sicurezza nella capitale libica. Più precisamente, la manifestazione era stata indetta per chiedere l’evacuazione da Tripoli delle milizie al-Nusour, provenienti da Misurata e protagoniste di numerosi episodi di violenza. L’elevato bilancio delle vittime e la criticità della situazione hanno messo in luce tutte le fragilità delle nuove istituzioni libiche. Oltretutto, il giorno successivo, nuovi scontri si sono verificati a Tajoura, alla periferia della capitale, tra milizie locali e quelle provenienti da Misurata, mentre un’altra milizia, questa volta governativa, conosciuta come Libya Shield si è assicurata il controllo di Ghargour riuscendo ad allontanare dalla capitale le brigate al-Nusour. Come appare evidente anche da altri numerosi episodi di violenza all’interno del paese, la situazione risulta oramai fuori controllo. Il fenomeno delle “Kataeb” (brigate, milizie armate), costituite su base localistica è oramai una realtà affermata in Libia sin dallo scoppio della guerra civile e non è stata eliminata nemmeno dopo la caduta di Gheddafi. Ciò si accompagna a una particolare struttura sociale del paese, contraddistinta da una frammentazione tribale molto accentuata, una costante della storia libica. Il fenomeno della frammentazione caratterizza, tuttavia, anche altri settori della vita del paese, sollevando fondati timori per una possibile esplosione della Libia.
Elbadri, told a forum representing 34 local councils: “We need the government to solve the problems of citizens as soon as possible. The individual wants to see something tangible achieved on the ground which touches his life.”
He commented that Law 27 for the removal of militias had been implemented too slowly, to the point that it has almost stopped. He added that the presence of heavy weapons has caused social as well as security problems.
The forum, which was attended by delegates from virtually all local councils except Misrata, discussed the general security situation and the need to strengthen border protection.
The council leaders also welcomed the local elections with are now under way on a rolling system which will be completed in February. They called them”an important step to transform revolution into the formation of a state and face future challenges.”
Source Libya Herald
Hezbollah sotto attacco in Libano: due soldati e un civile sono rimasti feriti ieri in attacchi missilistici su Hermel, chiara escalation di violenze legate alla guerra siriana. Sei razzi lanciati dalla Siria hanno colpito la città libanese nel pomeriggio di ieri, ferendo due soldati e un civile. Due gruppi sunniti hanno dichiarato congiuntamente la responsabilità dell’attacco, citando il coinvolgimento militare di Hezbollah in Siria.. L’esercito libanese ha confermato l’attacco, dicendo che uno dei razzi ha colpito una caserma nel quartiere di alle 16:30 ferendo due soldati e causando danni materiali.
The wounded soldiers were identified as Rabih Francis and Hussein al-Musawi. Both were both taken to hospital for treatment, the sources said.
Sweydan Nasreddine, a Hermel resident, was wounded when one rocket fell some 200 meters from the Army barracks, the sources said.
Areas struck by rockets included the Bditat and Morh areas, according to the sources. One rocket also hit close to Hermel’s Serail, falling just 200 meters from the government building, they added.
Rockets fired from Syrian territories have frequently targeted the east of the country this year.
Two Syrian rebel groups jointly claimed responsibility for the rocket fire: “The Nusra Front in Lebanon and the Marwan Hadid Brigades announce the targeting of strongholds of Iran’s party [Hezbollah] with 10 Grad-type rockets in the Hermel region,” they said in statement linked to on Twitter.
They added: “Hezbollah’s military intervention in Syria, the continued killing and detention of Sunni youths in Lebanon,” had prompted the attack.
The Marwan Hadid Brigades has already claimed responsibility for several rocket attacks on Hermel this year.
The attack came the same day as an explosives-laden vehicle went off near a Hezbollah post in the country’s northeast in the early hours of the morning.
Images of the site showed four burned-out vehicles, their frames mangled, strewn across a barren area near the village of Sbouba in the Bekaa Valley.
Multiple versions of what happened have emerged.
Security sources said Hezbollah fighters in a convoy were attempting to intercept the vehicle when it exploded near where the group maintains a station for rotating fighters.
The car bomb wounded at least two of the party’s fighters, the sources said.
The vehicle was rigged with 50 kilograms of explosives and was likely detonated remotely as the Hezbollah fighters approached, the sources said.
A judicial source, citing a preliminary investigation, said the vehicle used in the explosion was a Kia Cerato and had been stolen from somewhere in the Bekaa Valley.
Hezbollah cordoned off the area soon after the explosion, the source said, adding that when Military Police arrived at the scene they found several body parts and cement blocks.
Locals said Hezbollah had removed the bodies of victims before the arrival of the military. The Daily Star war unable to confirm whether there were any deaths.
Another security source said that more than 10 fighters were wounded in the attack, with Al-Jadeed TV reporting that at least one of the injured men was in a grave condition.
Military Police were reportedly collecting DNA samples to identify the body parts and determine whether a suicide bomber was involved.
Hezbollah took away two convoy vehicles that had only been slightly damaged, the source said.
The source said the cement blocks at the site were from the Hezbollah post, suggesting the station may have been the target of the attack.
In a brief statement, the Lebanese Army said that a Jeep Grand Cherokee blew up on the road to Sbouba, northwest of Baalbek, at 2:50 a.m., damaging a number of vehicles.
In its evening report on the incident, Hezbollah’s Al-Manar said that around 3:30 a.m. members of the party in a convoy of five vehicles spotted a suspicious car parked on the side of the road as they were making their way to the rotation station.
A man stepped out of the vehicle as soon as the convoy approached and the car was then remotely detonated, the television station said.
Suspecting an ambush, Hezbollah members opened fire and launched a hunt for the driver, the station said, adding that there were casualties. Hezbollah has been targeted on numerous occasions over its role in Syria, where it is fighting alongside forces loyal to President Bashar Assad against rebels.
The attack is a grave security breach of the party’s political, popular and military apparatus. The area is home to several Hezbollah camps and the road where the car bomb exploded is frequently used by the party’s military vehicles, suggesting that extensive surveillance preceded the attack.
President Michel Sleiman described the attacks in Sbouba and Hermel as the latest attempt to import terrorism into Lebanon.
He urged Lebanon to “continue fighting terrorism and confronting it with all strength,” and said the people should rally around the military and security forces.
L’ex vice presidente del Sud Sudan, Riek Machar ha categoricamente smentito l’esistenza o il suo coinvolgimento nel presunto tentativo di colpo di stato nella capitale, Juba, dichiarando che si tratterebbe dell’ennesimo tentativo antidemocratico dal presidente Salva Kiir per sbarazzarsi dei suoi avversari politici, nel partito e nel governo. Intanto, un diplomatico europeo riferisce che secondo i colleghi Usa “questa notte – tra martedì 17 e mercoledì 18 – sarà decisiva per capire se i fronti rivali troveranno una soluzione o se al contrario ci sarà un ulteriore bagno di sangue”. Gli Stati Uniti hanno deciso di sospendere tutte le normali attivita’ della loro ambasciata ed evacuare tutto il personale non essenziale.
“There was no coup. What took place in Juba was a misunderstanding between presidential guards within their division. It was not a coup attempt. I have no connection with or knowledge of any coup attempt”, said Machar.
No SPLM [Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement] official has connection with the alleged coup, he added.
President Kiir, at a press conference held on Monday, accused Machar of alleged involvement in Sunday’s attack on a military base in the country’s capital, Juba.
Unusually clad in full military attire, the president said a group of soldiers allied to Machar and his group attacked the army headquarters near Juba University.
“These attacks continued until this morning”, added Kiir, flanked by his deputy James Wani Igga and defense minister, Koul Manyang Juuk.
The South Sudanese leader described Machar as a “prophet of doom [who] continues to persistently pursue his actions of the past”, making reference to the 1991 split which saw the latter defect from rebel movement during its long civil war with Sudan.
“However, I would like to inform you, at the outset, that your government is in full control of the security situation in Juba”, assured the president.
The SPLM is fully committed to the peaceful and democratic transfer of power and will never allow political power to be transferred through violence, he added.
CALLS FOR REFORMS
But the former vice president insisted Kiir was only looking for a way to falsely accuse them in order to frustrate the democratic processes his group was persistently calling for within the country’s governing party.
Machar told Sudan Tribune the Kiir was repeatedly violating the constitution and was “no longer a legal president”.
“What we wanted was to democratically transform the SPLM. But Salva Kiir wanted to use the alleged coup attempt in order to get rid of us to control the government and the SPLM. We don’t want him the president of South Sudan any more,” he said, without further explaining his next moves.
He said he and his arrested colleagues were being victimised for no reason.
Machar also condemned Kiir’s actions for encouraging or condoning the recent massacres targeting one ethnic group in the nation’s capital in the last three days.
On Tuesday, the government in Juba said that it seeking the arrest of Machar and other officials, including suspended SPLM Secretary General Pagan Amum, former Unity governor Taban Deng plus ex-ministers Alfred Lado Gore and Adwok Nyaba.
At least 10 South Sudanese officials, mainly ex-ministers, have been arrested in connection with what government says was a failed “coup attempt” in the capital.
Source Sudan Tribune
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L’ambasciatore iraniano in Russia, Mehdi Sanaie, ha detto che Teheran vorrebbe acquistare da Mosca il sistema di difesa aerea S300. Sanaie, durante una conferenza stampa, ha affermato che la Repubblica Islamica dell’Iran spera che il sistema S300 possa soddisfare il bisogno di difesa iraniano.
L’ambasciatore ha assicurato che l’Iran ritiene che l’accordo sulla consegna del sistema sia legale, in quanto il sistema è di natura difensiva. L’ambasciatore ha detto inoltre che l’accordo per l’acquistodel sistema di difesa aerea russo non viola la legge internazionale.
The ambassador said that the deal to buy air defense system from Russia does not violate the international law and regulations.
The Russian governments deals with the issue with goodwill, said Sanaie, adding that he raised the delay in delivery of the air defense system with Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
He hoped that the case will be closed once the S300 system is delivered to Iran.
Elsewhere in the interview, Sanaie outlined foreign policy of President Hassan Rouhani, and said constructive and effective engagement with the world, detente, reconstruction of relations with the world powers, improved ties with regional states, especially with the neighbors, expansion of relations with traditional partners in Asia and Europe make up for agenda of the new government.
The ambassador elaborated on diplomatic campaign of President Hassan Rouhani to blame the western governments for their arbitrary sanctions on Iran and said that the governments is involved in addressing the difficulties caused by the sanctions.
He said the Iranian diplomacy focuses on campaign against extremism and terrorism and spread of weapons of mass destruction and removal of ambiguities on peaceful nature of Iranˈs nuclear program.
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